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Citing Sources

A guide to citation styles, citation examples, and understanding plagiarism.

Citation Guides

Included on this page are some of the most commonly used citation styles in academic papers. This is not, however a cumulative list. See the tab to the right for additional citation styles. 

 

APA: American Psychological Association

     Where to find it in the library:
          Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association - Reference BF76.7 .P83 2010
          Additional Copy Available at the Research Help Desk

     Where to find more online: 
          OWL at Purdue: https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_style/apa_style_introduction.html 


CMS: Chicago Manual of Style

     Where to find it in the library:
          The Chicago Manual of Style - Reference Z283 .U69 2010

     Where to find more online:
          Online Access to the Chicago Manual of Style : https://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/16/contents.html 
          
OWL at Purdue : https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/chicago_manual_17th_edition/cmos_formatting_and_style_guide
/chicago_manual_of_style_17th_edition.html
 


CSE: Council of Science Educators

    Where to find it in the library:
          Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors and Publishers - Reference T11. S386 2006
          Additional Copy Available at the Research Help Desk

     Where to find more online:
         
 CSE Citation Guide


MLA: Modern Language Association

     Where to find it in the library:
         
 MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers -- Ref LB2369 .G53 2016,
          Additional Copy Available at the Research Help Desk 

     Where to find more online:
          OWL at Purdue: https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/mla_style/mla_style_introduction.html
          Note: In 2016, The Modern Language Association (MLA) revised the way that sources are cited with several key distinctions from 
          its earlier format. For a guide to these changes, please see this excellent overview from ©Bedford / St. Martin's: "What's new in MLA
          style?"

Included on this page are additional styles of citation for academic papers. Many of these are discipline-specific and as such have very specific rules that must be followed. Always be sure to verify with your professors which citation style they prefer for you to use. 
 

AAA: American Anthropological Association
     Where to Find More Online:
          
As of 2015, AAA uses The Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) for citations. See CMS in the 'Common Citation Styles' Tab. 
 

 

AAG: Annals of the Association of American Geographers
     Where to Find More Online: 
         Citation Style Guide: http://augustana.net/Documents/Library/AAG%20style%20guide%20corrections%202013.pdf
 

 

ACS: American Chemical Society
     Where to Find it in the Library: 
          The ACS Style Guide: Effective Communication of Scientific Information - Reference QD8.5 .A25 2006
          Additional Copy Located at the Research Help Desk
 

 

AIP: American Institute of Physics
     Where to Find it in the Library: 
          AIP Style Manual - Reference QC5.45 .A45 1990

     Where to Find More Online: 
         
Citation Style Guide: http://augustana.net/Documents/Library/Physics_style.pdf
          

 

ASA: American Sociological Association
     Where to Find it in the Library: 
          American Sociological Association Style Guide -- Reference HM73 .A54 2014

     Where to Find More Online: 
          
OWL at Purdue: https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/asa_style/index.html

 

GSA: Geological Society of America
    Where to Find More Online: 
         
GSA Style Guide: https://www.geosociety.org//documents/gsa/pubs/GSA_RefGuide_Examples.pdf

 

 

Turabian
      Where to Find it in the Library: 
          A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses and Dissertations - Reference LB2369 .T8 2013

     Where to Find it Online: 
          
Online Style Guide: https://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/turabian/citation-guide.html